FGM is recognized as internally the human rights violation against women and girls, and deeply rooted inequality among the men and women, and its based on discrimination against women’s and girl’s health rights, and it’s based on violation to be free from the cruel torture of their body, inhumanity or degradation of treatment, which all procedures of the FGM practices result sometimes in death.
Globally, it’s estimated that at least 200 million girl and women alive today have undergone some forms of FGM. Somaliland and Somalia includes the countries in the highest prevalence of FGM, in which girls and women aged 15 to 49 undergone the FGM practices, its estimated 98% of total population of women and girls undergo. Therefore, FGM causes severe bleeding and health issues including cysts, infection, infertility, as well as complication in childbirth increases risk of newborn deaths.
The role of the youth in Somaliland have seen missing to participate in the advocacy campaigns and awareness raising related to the FGM issues, and changing the attitude, practice and perception of the community, especially, the men and boys, who are the driver factors of this harmful practices, which affected the lives of the thousands of girls and women in Somaliland.
Aims of the Campaign: To put a place and increase the role of the youth, especially, those in the academic field, youth Anti FGM Somaliland is carrying out national campaign to raise awareness of eliminating the all harmful practices
What is FGM?
Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons
What are the types of FGM?
Type I — Partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the prepuce
Type II — Partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (excision)
Type III — Narrowing of the vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by cutting and a positioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris (infibulation).
Type IV — All other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, for example: pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterization
How the situation in Somaliland?
Studies: “MICS (2011) found that 99.1% of women responding had been cut, with 85% of them having been sewn closed, therefore experiencing the most extreme form of FGM/C, infibulation or pharaonic (WHO type III). EAUH found in its survey from 2002 – 2006 that 97% of women had been cut, and in the second survey from 2006 – 2013 that 98.4% of women participating in antenatal examinations had undergone FGM/C, 82.2% of whom had experienced the pharaonic cut. The results of the ActionAid research in Maroodi Jeex and Togdheer (Newell-Jones 2016) showed that ‘The overall prevalence rate among community women remains high at 99.4%, with 80% having undergone the pharaonic cut’.” SOFHA Baseline Survey 2017 report.
· The history of FGM is not well known but the practice dated back at least 2000 years. It is not known when or where the tradition of Female Genital Mutilation originated from.
· Some believe it started during the slave trade when black slave women entered ancient Arab societies.
· It is estimated that more than 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone female genital mutilation in the countries where the practice is concentrated.
· Furthermore, there are an estimated 3 million girls at risk of undergoing female genital mutilation every year. The majority of girls are cut before they turn 15 years old.